Tuesday, March 15, 2022

Mar. 15: Cesare Beccaria, Italian philosopher and jurist


Cesare Beccaria (1738-1794) was an Enlightenment-era Italian philosopher with some truly enlightened ideas. A criminologist and jurist, he is well-remembered for his work On Crimes and Punishments (1764), which argued against torture and the death penalty. This was a founding work in the fields of penology and criminology. Thus, Beccaria is considered the "father of modern criminal law" and the "father of criminal justice." As such, his ideas had a profound effect on the Founding Fathers of the United States as they framed the rights enumerated in the Constitution and its Bill of Rights.


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